Women in ancient Egypt had a status that significantly contrasts the status of many modern women because they occupied power in ways that women commonly do not in contemporary societies. Although men and women in Egypt had traditionally distinct powers in society, there was no insurmountable barrier in front of those who wanted to deviate from this pattern. Egyptian society recognized women as equal to men, but as having an essential complementarity, expressed especially in the action of producing children. This respect is expressed clearly in the ancient Egyptian theology and morality. They had the opportunity to rule the country and have the same basic human rights as men.